[Annual] Roscoe, Thomas: (Prout, S., illus.:) (The Landscape Annual for 1830:) The Tourist in Switzerland and Italy. London: Robert Jennings, 1830. 8vo., pp. [vii], 278, [ii] + 26 plates including additional engraved title-page, as called for. Each plate protected by a slightly foxed tissue, but only very occasional spots of foxing elsewhere. Slight separation at gutter between frontis and engraved title. Green textured sheepskin, gilt title to spine, a.e.g.. Spine faded, a bit rubbed, lower corners bumped but a very good, sound copy overall. Signed to preliminary blank by the illustrator to his eldest daughter, Rebecca Elizabeth (b.1813). Recent pencilled ownership inscription to ffep. Samuel Prout (1783-1852) was a master of architectural watercolour painting, and sometime teacher of John Ruskin. He was appointed 'Painter in Water-Colours in Ordinary' to King George IV in 1829, and afterwards to Queen Victoria. The plates in this volume were engraved under the direction of the celebrated engraver Charles Heath (1785-1848). Ref: 51731
Anon. [Lowndes, William:] A Report Containing an Essay for the Amendment of the Silver Coins. London: printed by Charles Bill, and the Executrix of Thomas Newcomb, deceas'd; Printers to the King 1695. First edition. 8vo., pp. 159, [i]. Woodcut initials. Slight dampstain along bottom margin occasionally affecting (though not obscuring) text, title-page a little grubby but otherwise only occasional light spots and smudges. Modern tan half calf, red morocco gilt title label to spine, marbled boards, endpapers renewed. A very good copy in a sound modern binding. The Essay is divided into five distinct points: 'First, Concerning the Standard of the Gold and Silver Coins, and the Establishment of a Just and Reasonable Foot for the Course of the same'; 'Second, Concerning the Present State and Condition of the Gold and Silver Coins'; 'Third, Whether it be or be not Absolutely necessary at this Time to Re-establish the same'; 'Fourth, The Proposing of Means that must be Obtained, and the Proper Methods to be used in and for the Amendment of the Silver Moneys'; 'Fifth, To Consider what must Supply the Commerce, Pay Taxes &c. Whilst the Clipt Money is under its New Fabrication.' (pp.11-13) Lowndes (1652-1724) took office as secretary of the Treasury on 24th April 1695 in the midst of a worsening coinage crisis which the government was already making efforts to resolve. 'The practice of 'clipping' hammered silver coin had reached the point where it was seriously affecting the Treasury's ability to pay its way in the war with France, and in late 1694 confidence in the silver coinage weakened dramatically. A complete reminting of the coinage was now imperative, but the problem facing a House of Commons committee early in 1695 was whether there should be a temporary devaluation in order to stabilize the currency while the old money was reminted, a primary concern being to offset the inevitable loss in the value of tax receipts.' (ODNB) As Lowndes and the philosopher John Locke published opposing views on the subject (Lowndes in favour of devaluation and Locke against) the episode came to be referred to by historians as 'the Locke-Lowndes controversy'. However more recent studies have suggested that the views published here under Lowndes name on behalf of the Treasury were not actually his own. 'In a written report to the Treasury board in January 1695 Lowndes actually ruled out any suggestion of devaluation. While modestly conceding a limited grasp of the complexities behind the issue, he envisaged an immediate loss of some £150,000 in revenue, which would have to be met by a 'public tax', and a worrying increase in the cost of England's military payments abroad.' (Ibid). The Treasury board asked Lowndes to produce a detailed recoinage scheme but, 'since majority opinion on the board favoured devaluation it would appear that Lowndes was instructed to follow the scheme already proposed by the Commons. By mid-September his 'book', A Report Containing an Essay for the Amendment of the Silver Coins, was in Treasury hands. It embodied the Commons committee's resolutions and was fleshed out with much historical detail, but owing to the rapid increase in the market price of silver a devaluation rate of 20 per cent would now be necessary. William III and his ministers acknowledged Lowndes's ingenuity and scholarship but, disagreeing with the Treasury board, saw greater virtue in Locke's arguments for a recoinage at the old standard. Thus it was largely to assist the ministry's own scheme for recoinage in parliament that Lowndes's Report was subsequently published in November 1695, followed by Locke's Further Considerations Concerning Raising the Value of Money. While paying tribute to Lowndes's erudition, Locke was quick to point out that some of his arguments tended in fact to condemn devaluation of any kind. Moreover, the encouragement which Lowndes gave to Locke and other critics to publish their rebuttals of his Report would likewise suggest that Lowndes had never personally favoured devaluation. In January 1696 an act was passed for a recoinage at the existing standard.' (Ibid.) ESTC R39081; Wing (2nd ed.) L3323 Ref: 52379show full image..
[Anon.] A Modest Enquiry into the Causes of the Present Disasters in England. And who they are that brought the French Fleet into the English Channel, Described. London: printed for Richard Baldwin in the Old-Baily. 1690. 4to., pp. [ii], 38. Bound without final blank leaf as usual (see ESTC). Title-page within double line border, short bookseller's catalogue to lower half of final page. Lightly toned and softened at fore-edge with some slight greyish spotting, title-page fore-edge a little ragged, light dampstain to bottom edge of last 4 leaves. Modern blue paper-covered boards, narrow vellum spine, orange spine label with 'Disasters' in gilt. A very good copy. Authorship of this work concerning a naval victory by France that was supposedly made possible by treachery is often attributed to Daniel Defoe, although Walter Wilson writes in his Memoirs of the Life and Times of Daniel Defoe (1830) that this is 'probably without any just reason'. He does however consider the work, 'well written, and a useful document of the times. The design of the author is to identify the disaffected clergy with the plot that was in activity against the government; in order to which, he gives a curious detail of their proceedings, and adduces a memorial which they presented to the French King, inviting him to the invasion of England.' (Ibid). Issuing this pamphlet earned its publisher Richard Baldwin a prison sentence. 'With the accession of William III, Baldwin, as a loyal supporter, was prepared to serve the government through the medium of his press. Yet the candor of his publications and his own impulsive behavior were to bring him into occasional conflict with the government he so heartily championed. In 1690 Baldwin was sentenced to Newgate for "misprision of treason" by Lord Daniel Finch, Second Earl of Nottingham, for having "publish'd a sticht book entitled a Modest Enquiry which reflects upon the dissenting bishops and other bold passages." Copies of the pamphlet were seized by "Robin Hog" Stevens, but the indefatigable Baldwin, again ready with bail, was released from sentence.' (Rostenberg, 'Richard and Anne Baldwin, Whig Patriot Publishers' in The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America Vol. 47, No. 1 (First Quarter, 1953), pp. 1-42). Between 1689 and 1698 Baldwin published about 240 pamphlets, the majority being political and of those 75 being anti-French. 'The principal butt of these lampoons and libels was the aging monarch at Versailles whose limitless passion for war and territorial aggrandizement had left France bankrupt, her manhood destroyed and her people apathetic and indifferent to the future. The growing fear of a possible French invasion and the English contempt for Louis XIV are manifest in Baldwin's many libellous tracts' (ibid). ESTC R16429; Wing M2367 Ref: 52381show full image..
Antoninus Liberalis; Xylander, Wilhelm (ed.): [Metamorphoseon Synagoge] Transformationum Congeries [...] Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden]: apud Sam. et Joan. Luchtmans, 1774. Large 8vo, pp. , 304,  + added frontispiece with small engraved arms of Amsterdam with name of student. With engraved title vignette, woodcut initials and ornaments. Occasional slight browning, intermittent very light foxing. Contemporary Dutch vellum, single gilt ruled, gilt centrepieces with arms of Amsterdam to boards, small gilt arms of Amsterdam to corners, gilt arms of Amsterdam to spine, four original silk ties. Prize book certificate addressed to the schoolboy Isaac Orobio de Castro and signed by the master H. Verheyk in 1774. Sumptuously bound copy - a prize book signed and presented by the master of the school, and editor of this work, Heinrich Verheyk. 'A most excellent edition.' (Dibdin) The 'Metamorphoseon' - mythological prose stories of transformations caused by avenging Greek deities - is the only extant work by the grammarian Antoninus Liberalis (c. 2nd century). This edition includes the notes of Wilhelm Xylander, first published in 1568, as well as others by Heinrich Verheyk, head of the Latin school in Amsterdam. The schoolboy Isaac Orobio de Castro to whom this book was bestowed was probably a descendant of the namesake Portuguese Jewish philosopher, who died in 1687 in Amsterdam, where he had moved and made a public profession of Judaism. Dibdin I, 268; Ebert 752. Ref: 53360show full image..
Aquinas: (Gilby, Thomas, ed.:) Philosophical Texts [with] Theological Texts. Selected and translated with notes and an introduction. Oxford: Geoffrey Cumberledge, Oxford University Press, 1955. 2 vols. 8vo, pp. xxii, , 405, ; pp. xvii, , 423, . Very good copies. Red cloth, title gilt to spine. Dust-jacket, slightly browned, extremities of vol. I chipped, but still good. Second edition + first edition. Ref: 53461
Arrowsmith, Aron Orbis Terrarum Veteribus Noti Descriptio. A Comparative Atlas of Ancient and Modern Geography from Original Authorities, and upon a New Plan, for the use of Eton School. London: Published by the Author, 1828 First edition. Folio. 3 engraved leaves of text, 26 double-page + 1 single-page engraved maps,  engraved leaf of text. Engraved title with arms of Eton College, maps with boundaries highlighted in colour, unrelated map of North America inserted within. Uniform slight age browning, edges dusty, marginal ink splash to title and plates 1, 3 and 4, one lower blank corner torn, some thumbing, lower fore-edge a bit softened, very small tears to few edges, margins of one leaf of plate 5 repaired, burn to upper blank margin of two plates, a couple a bit dusty, occasional spotting or slight offsetting. Half calf over marbled boards, original boards with recent utilitarian but unsympathetic rebacking and recornering with tape reinforcement to hinges. Boards rubbed. 19th-century autograph 'Sticks Mi: Magd. Coll. School' and 'H.S. Perris (from E.L.H.) i.3.89' to front pastedown; occasional student's annotations in pencil or marker. A well-read copy of the first edition of this manual of ancient and modern geography, originally prepared for the use of Eton schoolboys. The author, Aron Arrowsmith, son of the major namesake cartographer and printer, achieved some notoriety thanks to this atlas and another on biblical geography. In the present one, each double-page plate features on the left the modern outline of continents and states, and on the right their ancient geography. Europe is divided into Central, Western, Northern and Southern, whereas non-European maps highlight the British possessions, territories under British influence by tribute, protection or subsidy, and territories of independent states. Being an atlas of regions 'known to the ancients', as the title asserts, the maps only cover the Eastern hemisphere; to the Western one is devoted a final map, showing the general outline of the Americas. Ref: 53314show full image..
Athanasius of Alexandria; Swedenborg, Emanuel: De Athanasii Symbolo. The Athanasian Creed. An Unpublished Manuscript. London: Swedenborg Society (Inc.), 1954. 8vo., pp. [iv], 93, [iii]. Latin and English parallel texts. Internally clean and bright. Green cloth, gilt title to spine and upper board with gilt coat of arms. A little rubbed, near fine. Ref: 52069
Atiya, Aziz S.: A History of Eastern Christianity. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd, 1968. First edition. 8vo, pp. xiv, 486 + illustrated frontispiece and 9 maps. Blue cloth, title stamped to spine. Dust-jacket, extremities a bit worn, but still good. Ref: 53456
[Augustine of Hippo, Saint] Augustinus, Aurelius: (Sommalius, R.P.H. ed.:) [...] Libri XII Confessionum. Ad 3 MSS. exemp. emendati [...] Coloniae Agrippinae [Cologne]: Sumptibus Cornelii ab Egmond et sociorum, 1649. 24mo. 430pp., [xxvi] (including final blank) with engraved title page of St. Augustine's conversion-vision. Minimal toning, the odd very light marginal water stain. Contemporary sheep, marbled endpapers, gilt pointillé single ruling with gilt fleurons to corners, raised bands, spine gilt ruled into six compartments, five with gilt fleurons, one gilt-lettered. Covers a trifle rubbed. Bookplate of Robert J. Hayhurst to front pastedown. A pocket edition of the 'Confessions', indexed, exquisitely bound and with an attractive title-page. Not in Brunet. Ref: 53162show full image..
Aurelius Victor, Sextus: (Arntzenius, J., ed.:) Historia Romana, cum notis integris [...] Amstelodami [Amsterdam]: apud Janssonio Waesbergios. Trajecti Batav. [Utrecht]: apud Jacobum a Pools 1733. 4to., pp. [xlviii], 668, [cxxxiv] (including one full-page engraving) + additional engraved title-page. Title page in red and black with engraved vignette, illustrations (mostly numismatic) and a few decorations. Sudden heavy foxing from p.201 diminishing towards approx. p.257, occasional small scorch marks never affecting more than a letter or two. Contemporary brown marbled calf, raised bands, orange gilt label to spine, edges coloured yellow. Spine and corners rubbed, tiny tear to headcap, joints wearing a little but a very good copy. Arms of the Dutch city of Leeuwarden, capital of Friesland, in gilt to centre of each board. Illegible pencilled signature to ffep. The text is a new recension by Arntzenius, based on the work of Schott. Dibdin includes this edition on his list of best quarto variora, and notes: 'It is certainly an elaborate performance [...] the edition is indispensable to the collector's library.' Dibdin (4th edn.) I 343; Schweiger II 1136; Graesse VII, 299 Ref: 51544show full image..